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Articles
Published: 2020-11-01

Communicating through ancillary gestures: Exploring effects on coperformers and audiences

Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour McMaster University Hamilton, ON Canada
Schulich School of Music McGill University Montréal, QC and Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour McMaster University Hamilton, ON Canada
School of the Arts and Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour McMaster University Hamilton, ON Canada
music performance ancillary gestures expression performer cohesion audio– visual point-light displays

Abstract

Musicians make elaborate movements while performing, often using gestures that might seem extraneous. To explore these movements, we motion-captured and audio-recorded different pairings of clarinetists and pianists performing Brahms’ Clarinet Sonata No. 1 with two manipulations: (a) allowing the performers full vs. no visual feedback, and (b) allowing the performers full vs. partial auditory feedback (i.e., the clarinetist could not hear the pianist). We found that observer ratings of audio–visual point-light renditions discriminated between manipulations and refined this insight through subsequent audio-alone and visual-alone experiments, providing an understanding of each modality’s contribution. This novel approach of evaluating point-light displays of performances under systematically manipulated conditions provides new perspective on the ways in which ancillary gestures contribute to both performer communication and audience reception of live performances.

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How to Cite

Siminoski, A., Huynh, E., & Schutz, M. (2020). Communicating through ancillary gestures: Exploring effects on coperformers and audiences. Human Technology, 16(3), 257–282. https://doi.org/10.17011/ht/urn.202011256765