Human Technology https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht <p><strong><em>Human Technology</em> is an interdisciplinary, multiscientific journal focusing on the human aspects of our modern technological world.</strong> The journal provides a forum for innovative and original research on timely and relevant topics with the goal of exploring current issues regarding the human dimension of evolving technologies and, then, providing new ideas and effective solutions for addressing the challenges.</p> <p>Focusing on both everyday and professional life, the journal is equally interested in, for example, the social, psychological, educational, cultural, philosophical, cognitive scientific, and communication aspects of human-centered technology. Special attention shall be paid to information and communication technology themes that facilitate and support the holistic human dimension in the future information society.</p> <p><em>Human Technology</em> publishes reports of empirical work, theoretical analyses, and reviews. It features guest editors and thematic issues and publishes peer-reviewed research reports as well as commentaries. There are no restrictions on the background of authors and published papers will reflect high scientific standards. <em>Human Technology</em> is valuable to scientists as well as commercial entities working to create a human-centered technological world.</p> en-US <p>All original articles are <a href="https://humantechnology.jyu.fi/submit/editorial-process" data-val="12790d10267f4454bd71b543fb9a766d" data-linktype="internal">peer-reviewed</a> and available under <a href="https://humantechnology.jyu.fi/submit/copyright-information" data-val="98ea3cd78db747f0acebed7d75210361" data-linktype="internal">CC BY-NC licence</a></p> Wed, 21 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Mobile money and the impact of mobile phone regulatory enforcement among the urban poor in Tanzania https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/239 <p>Mobile money provides a tool for survival, particularly in urban conditions shaped by city regulations that make microvending difficult for the poor. An analysis of 165 interviews conducted in two low-income neighborhoods in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania over 8 years demonstrates how interlocked layers of technology and interaction make mobile money services semiformal. I introduce two mobile money-enabled survival strategies: intrahousehold transfers for day-to-day survival (transfers within the same city) and resource safeguarding through kin remittances of start-up capital (home-based subsistence business capital stored for kin access in emergencies). The recent tightening of mobile phone regulations in the global South has disrupted users’ multilevel and formal/informal-hybrid infrastructures of money movement in these communities. Such tougher regulations could result in a new digital divide that hinders rather than facilitates the financial inclusion of the poor.</p> Laura Stark Copyright (c) 2021 Laura Stark and the Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/239 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Appropriating biosensors as embodied control structures in interactive music systems https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/240 <p>We present a scoping review of biosensors appropriation as control structures in interactive music systems (IMSs). Technical and artistic dimensions promoted by transdisciplinary approaches, ranging from biomedicine to musical performance and interaction design fields, support a taxonomy for biosensor-driven IMSs. A broad catalog of 70 biosensor-driven IMSs, ranging in publication dates from 1965 to 2019, was compiled and categorized according to the proposed taxonomy. From the catalog data, we extrapolated representative historical trends, notably to critically verify our working hypothesis that biosensing technologies are expanding the array of control structures within IMSs. Observed data show that our hypothesis is consistent with the historical evolution of the biosensor-driven IMSs. From our findings, we advance future challenges for novel means of control across humans and machines that should ultimately transform the agents involved in interactive music creation to form new corporalities in extended performative settings.</p> Luís Aly, Hugo Silva, Gilberto Bernardes, Rui Penha Copyright (c) 2021 Luís Aly, Hugo Silva, Gilberto Bernardes, & Rui Penha, and the Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/240 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Novel and experimental music technology use in the music classroom: Learning performance, experience, and concentrated behavior https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/241 <p>In recent years, music technology in the classroom has relied on general devices such as the iPad. In the current study, we used a mixed-methods approach to examine the learning performance, learning experience, and behavior of two class groups of primary school music students (N = 42), using established music technology (i.e., the iPad with the Keyboard Touch Instrument app) and novel music technology (KAiKU Music Glove). Results show a significant difference of change in test scores during learning (p = &lt;.01) and a medium effect-size is found (d = .75), indicating use of the iPad and Keyboard Touch Instrument app contributed to increased learning when compared to the KAiKU Music Glove. Perceived ease of use ratings of both technologies and observable levels of concentration exhibited by the students are also discussed in the paper. Implications provide insights into the usage and development of embodied music technology in the music classroom.</p> Andrew Danso, Rebekah Rousi, Marc Thompson Copyright (c) 2021 Andrew Danso, Rebekah Rousi, & Marc Thompson, and the Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/241 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Life-saving technologies that are not used to save lives https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/192 <p>A hundred years ago in July, thanks to the advancement of medical technology, the first human received the vaccine Bacille Calmette-Guérin—or BCG—to prevent tuberculosis (TB), a disease that killed at least 20% of the European population during the 19th century. Since then, hundreds of millions of lives have been saved by BCG, as well as other vaccinations for dangerous diseases. However, although TB is quite preventable and curable, it remains the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent in the world. It is an example of how humans can invent technologies to improve and save lives but fail to do so because of unevenly distributed resources, lack of media coverage, and other economic, political, and sociological realities that determine the uses and targets of technologies.</p> Jukka Jouhki Copyright (c) 2021 Jukka Jouhki and the Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/192 Fri, 27 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0300 What matters more in open access journal publishing: Scientific rigor or financial vigor? https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/207 <p>Academics and librarians around the world are raising concern about the current state of scholarly journal publishing in that the majority of journals are under the control of five multinational commercial journal publishing companies. Some are advocating for scholars to take back control of scholarly communication, particularly because it is the academics who are supplying and managing most of the content for journals. Open access publishing is one option, but the question of sustainability in funding streams raises concerns. Also the roles of scholarly societies, academic association, and universities in looking for stability in nonprofit journal publishing are discussed.</p> Barbara Crawford Copyright (c) 2021 Barbara J. Crawford and the Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://ht.csr-pub.eu/index.php/ht/article/view/207 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0300